An electric scooter or electric mini scooter is simply a stand-up electric scooter usually powered by an internal battery. Also classified as a mini-motorized scooter, these electric scooters are usually constructed with a long, wide deck at the rear on which the rider sits. Early models were designed and tested by electricians who designed and created the scooters in larger versions for use in hospitals and other medical establishments. In later years, however, more and smaller versions were produced commercially, and some designs became so popular that they even won several competitions. Electric scooters have come a long way since then.
Today’s electric scooter has a number of advanced features that have been developed over time. One of those is the ability to “throttle” the motor. By holding down the pedal you can control how much power is delivered to the motor, much like a motorcycle. When the throttle is released, the motor is allowed to go forward until the accelerator is released, at which time the throttle is retained on until the vehicle comes to a stop. In doing this the rider does not have immediate control over the direction of the scooter.
Early electric scooter motors had a number of problems associated with them. First they often required the user to manually shift the tires from their rims to the track. This was problematic because not only were the tires worn out, but the friction caused by the grinding against the metal of the rims resulted in sparks and increased wear. This made the tires ineffective at getting the job done and often contributed to them blowing or splitting during a race. Secondly, the wheels were made of either steel or aluminum (but typically both) and were very poor at withstanding the force necessary to propel the vehicle forward.
These two issues were solved when engineers started to look for better solutions to electric scooters and the first step was a complete overhaul of many of the components. The new suspension systems were more supportive of the vehicle and allowed for a better handling experience. The improved tires also reduced the amount of friction that was experienced by the wheels while providing better braking capabilities as well.
Next the engineers looked at how electric scooters work to determine the energy storage capacity of each individual battery pack. Batteries naturally have a low energy storage capacity because they are filled with depleting material as they are used. Newer batteries use what is called a fast discharge cycle that allows them to be quickly discharged without taking the valuable storage capacity of the battery. This means that newer scooters will not experience the loss of energy storage capacity as much.
Scooters are normally driven on smooth paved surfaces, so it was important to determine if the tires and the wheel hub could handle being used in gravel or rough terrain. Again the engineers found that the wheels and tires handled the terrain much better than they had anticipated. They also took the time to replace the old single speed scooters with more modern dual speed scooters that allowing for better performance in all types of conditions. They then took these components and tested them in real world situations. What they discovered was that despite the increased power and performance that were provided to the rider, the battery pack was not deteriorating nearly as fast causing the rider to still have a great experience despite the extra power.
One of the biggest discoveries of the engineers made was that it was possible to use brushless motors instead of the more traditional motor in electric scooters. Brushless motors provide an extra kick that allows the rider to gain a little bit more speed. Since the scooters use an AC drive to operate the electric motor, it was important to understand how this system works and the differences between the various drive systems available. By understanding how these systems work and the differences in their operation it allowed the engineers to design a scooter with a much lighter weight and a much more powerful motor than the units they were using previously. Because the battery pack is able to store a little more power and can be recharged quickly, the end result was increased riding pleasure.
Brushless motors are also known as brushless drive systems because they are operated by being “brushless” which simply means that there is no electrical current required in order for them to function. Since the electric motors do not need any wires to function they are also called plug and play systems. This means that riders do not need any wiring to be attached to their scooters in order for them to be able to travel. These types of systems typically come in two different varieties, which are the air-filled and the air-cooled types.